4.11 to NetWare 5 Update - Cramsession
an upgrade method and a protocol.
Minimum System Requirements
(Optional for Java support)
MB Free on DOS partition
(Optional for Java support)
MB free space for SYS volume
Two methods of upgrading:
1.In-place upgrade:install nw 5 on the same machine over existing files
additional hardware required|
use suballocation and disk compression on the vol|
chance of data loss|
3.2 - 4.x - IFSB|
upgrade (migration): Must have an existing NetWare
5 server and NDS tree first. Install the Novell Upgrade Wizard on a workstation,
log in to both old and new servers as Admin equivalent, run Upgrade Wizard, and
create a new project. Drag and drop users, groups, volumes, printers, and other
bindery objects from old server to their new locations in the NDS tree.
Novell Upgrade wizard : Move NW 3.1x bindery, passwords, security rights
drag bindery and volume objects|
server remains intact|
migrate multiple server to a single one|
for potential conflicts and errors|
IP needs NW5 client, IP address, subnet mask, router or gateway address|
loads and binds all detected IPX frames types, Ethernet_802.2|
and IPX : ease the transition to pure ip for adm can be bind to a
Use the Installation Program to Upgrade a NetWare 4.1x server to NetWare 5.
You should upgrade the server with the Master
Replica of [Root] partition first.
1. Preparation for Server Upgrade
2 or more backups of existing file systems, bindery, and NDS|
down IRQ and I/O port of NICs|
message to all users to log out|
all NLMs and .HAMs for compatibility issues|
Performing the upgrade
the mouse and video drivers|
hardware detection, mounts volume SYS and load Java virtual machine|
the protocol for network boards|
Complete post-upgrade procedures
printing conf with NDPS|
NW client win95 --2.2 winnt –4.11|
Use the Novell Upgrade Wizard to upgrade a NetWare 3.1x server to NetWare 5.
the Novell Upgrade wizard ||\products\upgrdwzd\upgrwzd.exe
for the migration
the utility || rograms\novell\novell pgrade wizard\novell pgrade wizard
objects from the project window || bindery objects and volume data
that objects and files can be upgraded as specified From toolbar | click
verification select project | verify project
the server components across the wire
the post-migration steps
3.x, consolidate user names from different servers|
Workstations to Client32 version 2.2 or higher|
servers are on different segments, disable SAP filtering|
3.x requires upgrading NLMs with those from Upgrade Wizard|
NetWare 3.1x, UNLOAD TSA31x.NLM, SMDR.NLM, SMDR32x.NLM, PXS.NLM, TLI.NLM,
AFTER311.NLM, CLIB.NLM, A3112.NLM, STREAMS.NLM and LOAD TSA312.NLM in this
any name spaces from old server to new server|
upgrading from NetWare 2.x, you must do an intermediate upgrade to 3.x or
Novell Licensing Services and add an additional license certificate.
helps monitor and control the use of licensed software
service providers LSP : license software that runs on nw srv|
clients : request licensing services from LSP : licensing-enable
objects : license container, Lsp, license certificate objects|
to install and create license certificates
Explain how NetWare 5 uses virtual memory.
5 uses virtual memory paging. Page size is 4K.|
used pages are moved to a swap file on a disk drive to free up RAM for other
uses. Swap file is created on SYS during installation.|
file shrinks and grows dynamically. Novell suggests deleting swap file on
SYS and recreating swap files on other volumes|
swap file per volume|
moved to virtual mem will be stored on any available swap file on any volume|
ADD <volume name> [Parameters]" in Autoexec.ncf. Parameters of
SWAP file can be MIN, MAX, and MIN FREE. SWAP by itself displays swap file
DEL <volume name>" deletes a swap file from a volume and moves
its data to another volume.|
PARAMETER <volume name> [Parameter]=<value>" changes swap
MONITOR.NLM --> Virtual Memory --> Swap Files to view swap statistics.
Disk Thrashing is excessive swapping of pages. The solution to thrashing is to
6 Describe the advantages, disadvantages, and storage concepts of the Novell
Storage Services (NSS) file system.
files up to 8 TB|
files in single directory|
access to data in files|
mount and repair more quickly|
RAM Requirements (32MB minimum)|
most types of storage devices|
on multiple devices can be combined into one volume|
CD-ROM volume-mounting support|
4 NetWare partitions per disk|
volumes per NetWare partition|
Tracking Services (TTS) not supported|
striping/mirroring not supported|
Storage Management (HSM) not supported|
Data Migration (RTDM) not supported|
compression not supported|
not supported (uses VERIFY and REBUILD instead)|
can’t be used on SYS.|
scans devices to find free space. (NWPRV is the provider for NetWare volumes
and MMPRV is the provider for IBM-compatible volumes.)|
manages free space by placing a deposit object to register ownership. It
builds logical, internal file input and output paths to helps NSS find
stored data. It registers itself in the free space to prevent other
group == represents all disk space on server regardless of device. Storage
group can be organized into volume(s).|
Set up Novell Storage Services (NSS) on your server.
an NSS volume by identifying its intended purpose|
an NSS volume|
nwconfig.nlm to create NSS volumes.
support for Java applications on the NetWare 5 server.
Java Class is a full Java application|
Java Applet is a Java program that runs in a web browser or applet viewer.|
class and applet names are case sensitive and require long filename support|
load/unload the GUI console STARTX.NCF or UNLOAD STARTX.NCF|
loads the GUI and then also ConsoleOne|
loads the Java Virtual machine|
applications are developed using the Java Abstract Widowing AWT toolkit. Nw5
supports Java apps written using the Java AWT or Java Foundation Class|
requirements for Java
mouse and video drivers:
9. Launch Java programs and applets from the NetWare GUI.
+ «menuitem » Exec command
To run a Java app: JAVA [-options] <Class Path & Filename>
To run an applet: APPLET http://<URL to HTML file with applet tag>
10. Manage NetWare from the server using ConsoleOne.
To run ConsoleOne from a workstation, run SYS:\PUBLIC\MGMT\Console1.exe
ConsoleOne can be used to:
Copy, Delete files in volumes|
text files (including server config files)|
NDS (But will only create new Group, Org., Org. Unit, or User objects)|
local and remote server console consoles|
the local server file system|
server access (requires RCONAG6.NLM on server). Go to My Server, Tools,
RConsoleJ. In right pane, enter server's IP address and password, click Connect.
11 Install DNS and DHCP services.
the schema and create default DNS\DHCP objects
novell client on adm machine sys:\public\dnsdhcp\setup.exe
DNS\DHCP management console and NW adm snap-in files
ways to install DNS/DHCP on server:
it during initial installation;|
the GUI console, click the Novell button, then Install, then New Products.|
The workstation software is a Java app called the DNS/DHCP
Management Console. To install it, run SYS:\PUBLIC\DNSDHCP\SETUP.EXE.It adds a
snap-in to NetWare Administrator and it places an icon on your desktop. The DNS/DHCP
Mgmt Console has two tabs: one for DNS, one for DHCP. Be sure to use to correct
tab. Wkst 48 mb Ram 8.5 mbDNS/DHCP objects can be viewed in NetWare
Administrator, but you must use DNS/DHCP Mgmt Console to create, edit, or delete
Configure workstations to use DNS and/or DHCP in the
TCP/IP properties of the network control panel.
When the NDS schema is extended to support NDS objects we
will see 3 new objects:
object - Contains users and any servers
running DNS/DHCP. It is automatically a trustee of a DNS or DHCP object.
Access to information contained in DNS or DHCP objects can be obtained by an
NDS object by making that object a member of the DNSDHCP-Group group object.
Any NetWare server designated as a DNS and DHCP server is automatically a
member of the DNSDHCP-Group Group object. This provides NetWare servers with
the necessary rights to DNS and DHCP configuration information within an NDS
Locator Object - Contains global configuration
info, a list of servers, subnets, and zones in the tree. Used by DNS/DHCP
Mgmt Console to locate objects. Can't be configured, and doesn't display in
the Mgmt Console.|
- A Zone object used in looking up host names
outside your domain. It points to root servers on the Internet allowing you
to resolve domain names that belong to domains not maintained in your NDS
Configure and start DHCP services.
a NetWare server as DHCP
DHCP : DHCPSRVR
DHCP is a client/server service which provides
configuration parameters to Internet hosts. Both servers and clients are hosts.
There are two components to DHCP:
a protocol used to deliver the host-specific configuration parameters from a
DHCP server to a host; and an added protocol for assigning network addresses to
DHCP provides all the necessary name and address
information needed to locate hosts on the network.
DHCP requests are broadcasts and therefore are not forwarded by routers. In
order for DHCP servers to respond to DHCP requests from remote segments, we must
employ a relay agent. A relay agent is software based and runs on a router to
forward DHCP requests to a DHCP server. The same agent then forwards responses
back to the workstation.Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) provides conf
parameters to Internet hosts
BOOTPFWD.NLM is Novell's implementation of a relay agent. BOOTPFWD.NLM must be
configured on NetWare servers that route segments that would otherwise not reach
the DHCP server. BOOTPFWD.NLM must be configured to forward DHCP requests to
your DHCP server.
are five new DHCP objects after nw is extended
Address Range Object
IP address Object
Subnet Pool Object
A DHCP Server Object:The DHCP server object contains a listing of subnet ranges
that the DHCP server is servicing as well as server-specific configuration and
policy information. Can be created in the container o – ou –c -l
A DHCP subnet object:A DHCP Subnet object represents an IP network address that
is assigned to a physical network segment. The Subnet object is a container
object holding IP address configuration information that can be assigned to
nodes that reside on that particular IP network segment.
A Subnet Address Range objectContains a range of IP addresses available for
dynamic address assignment.
An IP Address object:Manually assigns an IP address to a specific machine on the
network or excludes the assignment of an IP address on the network.
A Subnet Pool ObjectAllows multiple Subnet objects to service DHCP request for a
network segment that has more than 1 IP subnet address configured on it. Create
in container objects
13. Import a DHCP database.
DHCP can import DHCP 2.0 or 3.0 file formats.Dns\dhcp management console| Import
14. Configure and start DNS services.
DNS services using DNS\DHCP management console
DNS services : NAMED
wkst to use DNS
Domain Name Services (DNS) can be up to
255 characters an it is not case sensitiveTranslates host names (such as 'www.cramsession.com')
into IP addresses (188.8.131.52).The master name server (a.k.a. primary name
server) maintains the database of resource records. Information maintained is
called Authoritative db in BIND format
Replica name servers (secondary name server) :maintains a copy of the
database from a master name server (through a zone transfer) and is used to
provide a faster, more local name server.
DNS resolvers : DNS clients , submits a request for an address to a srv
within its default domain.
A DNS Zone ( logical divisions of the Internet) is all or part of a domain for
which the server provides DNS services. For example, the novell.com domain can
be broken into a zone for support.novell.com and a zone for education.novell.com.
Each portion of the domain can have its own DNS server to handle requests within
the zone. Each DNS server has a Start of Authority (SOA).
are four new DNS objects:
Name Server Object
Record Set Object
Resource Record Object
Six types of resource record object (RRs):
(Address) - A Hostname to IP-address mapping|
(Name Server) - A listing for another name server|
(Start of Authority) - This server's zone of authority|
(Canonical Name) - An alias. Resolves alias hostname to primary hostname.|
(Mail Exchange) - Maps e-mail addresses to domain names|
(Pointer) - Pointer to other records when doing reverse lookups. Used in IN-ADDR.ARPA
NDS Objects: DNS Name Server, DNS Zone, Resource Record, Resource Record Set.
To change a resource record object, you must delete it and recreate
it.Designated serversNw srv assign to service a DNS zone objectsTasks
NDS to resolve names into IP address|
and deleting Resource Records|
the zone serial nb|
Import a DNS database.
Import DNS db from DNS\DHCP
16. Explain the services provided by the Netscape FastTrack Server for NetWare.
Web server. Enables users to publish documents on internal corporate networks
intranet and on the www Internet
17 Install the Netscape FastTrack Server for NetWare.
Requires long filename namespace on volume that holds website files. (LOAD
LONG.NAM & ADD NAME SPACELONG TO <volume name>)
To install, log in from a workstation as Admin-equivalent and run \PRODUCTS\WEBSERV\SETUP.EXE
from the NetWare 5 CD. Make note of the Administration Server TCP Port.
Server requires a unique ip address a long name space NW 4.11 64 Mb of RAM , 100
At the NetWare console, use NSWEB.NCF to load the server and NSWEBDN.NCF to
unload the web server. By default, web pages are stored under SYS:\NOVONYX\SUITESPOT\DOCS.
18. Use the Administration Server to configure the Netscape FastTrack Server
Manage the web server through the Netscape Server Administration Page via a
web browser. The URL will be HTTP://<SERVER NAME>:<ADMIN TCP
PORT>.You have full access to administer all Netscape FastTrack web servers
on your network from here.Click the button for the server you want to manage,
then you have the following options:
- Loads or unloads web services on the selected NetWare server|
SERVER SETTINGS - Hostname, IP Address, Port, log settings, document
directories and defaults,|
settings, and index style|
CONFIGURATION - You can restore the server to previously used saved
TUNING - Number of connections (48 is default), DNS lookups, size of listen
timeout, buffer and packet sizes.|
TYPES - Add, Remove & Edit MIME types by file extension|
SETTINGS - TCP Port, IP address, hostname, news & mail servers|
RESPONSES - customize error messages by error code|
ACCESS - Access control settings|
ON/OFF - enable/disable encryption, set ports & aliases|
PREFERENCES - SSL version, cipher settings|
restrict the size of a web directory, use NWADMIN to limit directory size
19. Troubleshoot and tune the Netscape FastTrack Server for NetWare.
simultaneous requests:nb of active request allowed for the srv at 1 time
name system lookups
size:NB of incoming connections the system will accept for that socket
persistent connection timeout
the max packet receive buffers|
physical receive packet size : change in startup.ncf, Monitor
max packet receive buffers : max amount of mem allocated to receive incoming
Web server contents|
Describe the purpose and function of NDPS and how it differs from queue-based
printing services.Single utility that manages all
printing in the NetWare 5 environment.Downloads all necessary drivers to the
workstation. Supports TCP/IP. Designed to handle the complexity of network
creates PQ, P, Psrv
create Printer Agents
capture the prn port
submit prints jobs to prn
not accommodate add-ons
extensible framework for print devices
and print options available for installing public access prn
21 Explain the four NDPS components and their functions.
Agent: Software entity 1:1 correlation with a
prn, manages print job processing, answers queries, generates events
notification, ensure the scalability of the printing env. Object that is the
combined printer, print queue and print server|
Manager: Controls printer Agents . 1 srv:
Gateway: Installed on the NetWare 5 server.
Acts as agent for non-NDPS aware printers (most today). Provides a bridge
between NDPS clients and legacy printers|
Broker: allows for: SRS (Service Registry
Services) for public access printers to be advertised on the network. ENS
(Event Notification Services) delivers messages to users regarding job
status/events. RMS (Resource Management Services) centrally manages
drivers, definition files, banners, and fonts.|
List the NDPS printer types and explain the difference between public access
printers and controlled access printers.Printer
no NDS object (resides in Broker)|
Access: NDS object uses corresponding NDPS Gateway, security, more event
status notification offer simple or auto client installation|
Configure the network for NDPS by creating and configuring the appropriate NDPS
objects in NDS.
syst requirements: 4 Mb of Ram additional + 80 Mb space, No SMP or Unix|
NDPS software : Initial install or NW Gui|
an loaf NDPS Manager: highlight Container,right click create NDPS manager,
Load : ndpsm manager_name_and_context|
Configure a workstation to print to NDPS printers.
NW client 2.2
NDS to download prn drivers and conf printing on wkst auto : Container
details , NDPS Remote Printer Management > show the results window on
wkst > click Add class printer< Update driver|
conf wkst using Novell Printer Manager : public/win32/NWPMW32|
List the benefits and components of Z.E.N.works and describe the function of
and manage wkst and Windows desktops|
wkst software problems remotely|
and manage apps|
installation of ZEN works components
management and distribution
run repair distributed apps auto
conf, managt and maintenance
customized desktop conf. profile
maintenance insing a remote control utility
managt via a single wkst obj or group obj
management : allows conf of desktop policies in NDS for windows clients|
launcher :distribute network-based apps to user`s wkst and mane those app as
objects in NDS tree|
control:remotely access user`s wkst through wkst object in NDS|
26. Install Z.E.N.works and the NetWare Client.
ZEN works components on the server: NW 4.11 Nwadmin32.exe, 40 Mb of Ram ,175
Mb disk space, [S] to the [Root]|
wkst manager: winsetup.exe|
Describe Z.E.N.works policy packages and explain how policies are used to manage
workstations.Collection of NDs ibjects created to
maintain wkst objects, help set up parameters for managing wkst, users, groups
3.1 user Package
user groups containers
95 user pack
NT user pack
3.1 wkst pack
wkst groups , container
95 wkst pack
NT wkst pack
Only 1 win 95 user package can be associated with the adminPolicy rights are
applied in the order of object then container
28. Explain how to register workstations and import them into NDS using NetWare
Administrator.Wkst must be registered with NDS before they can be imported
into the NDS tree and managed as other objects
Run wkst registration agent WSREG32.exe Methods of registering a wkst
registered a log file is created WSREG32.log
Wkst has been used to log in to net once the appear on the list they can be
a user policy package for each wkst platform
wkst import policy to create wkst objects > TOOLS > Import wkst
Configure desktop environments throughout the network.
Enabling user system policies or computer system policies, take effect as soon
as the policy is enable and the scheduled event for the policy appears
30. Distribute applications using the Novell Application Launcher.
the snAppShot (creates image of current app-settin and allows distribution)
utility to capture the wkst 's conf info|
the app object from the template file created by snAppshot|
the app object with container , group, wkst or user object|
NAL.exe in a login script|
Manage workstations using the Z.E.N.works Remote Control utility.
NDS rights requirements : [W] Dm remote Verification property of wkst object
[R] [public] to all properties in wkst object|
the remote control agent application
to the network using NDS
registered in NDS
a wkst object in the NDS tree
remote control security : by default object are created with remote control
to the target wkst > TOOLs> remote control wkst|
the target wkst|
a remote control session } Alt+ F4|
Set up the HelpRequester application so users can report workstations problems.
HELPREQ32 :Conf in user policies
33. Describe transitive synchronization.
the gap between IP-only networl and Ipx-only netw|
the requirement that all servers in a replica list must be able to comm and
synchronize with each srv in the replica list.|
Describe WAN Traffic Manager and its use to manage synchronization traffic.Wan
management of traffic across WAN links reducing net costs|
server-to-server traffic generated by NDS|
restrict traffic based on cost of traffic, time of day, type of traffic or
periodic events initiated by adm or users (replica sync)|
not control adm , users events|
Describe Network Time Protocol.
NW 5 server communicates time with other servers using IP. It uses TIMESYNC-loaded
auto and NTP (IP standard use to determine time , based on the
Internet)-manually loaded.When NTP is loaded IPX server must be set to secondary
36 Configure Network Time Protocol (NTP) to synchronize time in an IP or mixed /IPX
address ( hostname or IP)|
assumes that the time it gets from an Internet time source is the correct time.
The secondary servers changes their time to match the NTp running srv
37. Describe contextless login.
Eliminate the needs for users to supply an NDS context, uses Catalog Services .
38. Set up the network to allow contextless login.
that lgncon32.dll & dscqry.dll Exist|
an NDSCat:Master Catalog object: USRCAT|
label : lgncon
page: "object class"=user
trustee of [Root] [B] object rights
trustee of [USRCAT] [RC] properties rights
the client workstation: netw neigh| novell NW client | contextless login |
enabler| wildcard searching allowed| catalog field: USRCAT|
you have NDS Catalog Services installed, the steps are:
and configure an NDSCat:Master Catalog object|
the proper trustee rights to the new NDSCat:Master Catalog object|
the workstation right click on NetWare Neighborhood and configure the
NetWare Client for Contextless Login.|
Describe NetWare 5 licensing, including license container objects and license
certificate objects.Authorize users to use NW to
connect to the net. Issues a license when a piece of software request
one.Provides features and tools for monitoring and managing license usage on
netWhen NW is installed 2 objects are added
container objects : can contain multiple license certificate objects . the
name attributes: publisher, product and version|
certificate objects :|
into license container objects
info about the product: publisher, product name, version, units allow, if
additional licensees are available
user is owner by default
Manage NetWare user licenses.
licenses to users : assigning to objects that represent the greated NB of
users. Assigning to container allows all users in the container and
subcontainer to use license : User - Group = O = OU|
41 Describe compatability mode..
With a Migration Agent server on each segment there would be no problems
exchanging information sourced from either IPX or IP.The MA (Migration Agent) is
supported only at the NetWare server.
The MA is enabled by loading the IPX Compatibility driver
(scmd.nlm) with the Migration Agent option. The Migration Agents are then used
by the IP systems on the network. If more than one MA is needed, all Migration
Agents must be able to access the same IPX networks or be able to exchange IPX
network information. Migration Agents exchange IPX network information by
invoking the IP Backbone Support feature, which is accomplished by loading the
scmd.nlm with the backbone support options.CMD servers are pure IP NetWare
42. Describe the Migration Gateway.
43. Configure and maintain compatibility mode on a NetWare 5 server.
44. Describe Service Location Protocol (SLP)
The Service Location Protocol provides the same function in IP networks as
SAP provides in IPX networks. It registers information in a database and allows
clients to query the database to find services. There are, however, two
principal differences between SAP and SLP:
SLP does not maintain a global database of services. It registers services only
in the local area. It discovers services in the local area via multicast
requests, which are forwarded using NDS replication from network to network
within a site.
SLP assumes that the client is able to locate either services themselves, or a
database server representing those services, using these pan-network multicasts.
Through Novell's integration of SLP with NDS, local SLP information is compiled
to provide a global representation of all available services on the network.
This provides dynamic discovery of services locally and scalability in large
45. Describe Novell's Public Key Infrastructure (PKI).Novell Public Key
Infrastructure (PKI) Services enables the use of public key cryptography and
public key certificates in an NDS-enabled network. PKI Services allows you to
request, manage, and store public key certificates and their associated key
pairs in the NDS tree and to establish and manage an NDS tree certificate
authority (CA) that is specific to your NDS tree and to your organization.
PKI Services also works with most commercial certificate authorities such as
VeriSign and with the major certificate authority software, such as Netscape CA
Server. PKI Services optionally generates PKCS #10 formatted certificate signing
requests (CSRs) that can be used by commercial or external certificate
Novell PKI Services consists of a PKI NLM and a snap-in module to NetWare
Administrator. A network administrator uses NetWare Administrator as the
administration point for PKI Services.
Public key cryptography is the system of using digital codes called
"keys" to authenticate senders of messages and encrypt message
Public key cryptography differs from conventional cryptography in that two
mathematically-related keys (a private key and a public key) are used instead of
one common key.
When data is encrypted using the public key, it can only be decrypted using the
private key. Conversely, when data is encrypted using the private key, it can
only be decrypted using the public key.
For example, if Alice wants to send Bob an encrypted message using public key
cryptography, Alice encrypts her message in Bob's public key.
Since only Bob knows his private key, only Bob can decrypt the message.
Likewise, Bob can send an encrypted response to Alice by encrypting the response
in Alice's public key. Only Alice can decrypt the response because only Alice
knows her private key.
Public keys are normally made available in the form of a public key certificate.
Public key certificates are certified by a certificate authority (CA). Normally,
this process involves some due diligence on the part of the CA to verify that
the individual or entity is indeed who they claim tobe.
Through the process of certification, users of a public key infrastructure have
some assurance that the public key certificates are valid. The level of
assurance depends on the policies and practices of the CA.
Public key cryptography is widely used for authentication and encryption in the
computer industry. Novell PKI Services for NDS uses it specifically for public
key certificate creation, issuing, and management.
46. Describe Novell International Cryptography Infrastructure (NICI).
47. Configure and maintain PKI.
48. Describe the features and benefits of NetWare 5.
on NW 5
DNS-DHCP integrated with NDS
Console one (Houston)
New B-U utility
IP support as core protocol
Ipx support as core protocol
Netscape FastTrack srv
LDAP for NDS and ADSI NDS provider
Java srv framework
Oracle8 for NW (5 user)
Enhanced loader support
Hot -plug PCI
Support fot I2O
SAS Scure authentication services c2 certified
PKIS public key infrastucture services CAAudit
New Java install NIS novell installation services
Novell Upgrade wizard
49 Describe the process of migrating to NetWare 5 in an IP only environment.